DNA-based Archival Storage System

  • Date/Time
    Date(s) - 23/05/2016
    2:30 pm - 3:30 pm

    Taub Building, CS Faculty

    Categories No Categories

    Luis Ceze

    Computer Science and Engineering Department, University of Washington

    Monday 23/05/2016 14:30 room Class 7 Taub  Bld
    Host: Mark Silberstein

    DNA-based Archival Storage System

    Demand for data storage is growing exponentially, but the capacity of existing storage media is not keeping up. Using DNA to archive data is an attractive possibility because it is extremely dense, with a raw limit of 1 exabyte/mm3 (109 GB/mm3), and long-lasting, with observed half-life of over 500 years.

    This work presents an architecture for a DNA-based archival storage system. It is structured as a key-value store, and leverages common biochemical techniques to provide random access. We also propose a new encoding scheme that offers controllable redundancy, trading off reliability for density. We demonstrate feasibility, random access, and robustness of the proposed encoding with wet lab experiments involving

    151 kB of synthesized DNA and a 42 kB random-access subset, and simulation experiments of larger sets calibrated to the wet lab experiments. Finally, we highlight trends in biotechnology that indicate the impending practicality of DNA storage for much larger datasets.

    Short Bio:

    Luis Ceze is the Torode Family Associate Professor in the Computer Science and Engineering Department at the University of Washington. His research is on the intersection of  computer architecture, programming languages, OS and biology. He is a recipient of an NSF CAREER Award, a Sloan Research Fellowship, a Microsoft Research Faculty Fellowship and the 2013 IEEE TCCA Young Computer Architect Award. He was born and raised in Sao Paulo, Brazil, where it drizzles all the time; he now (mostly) lives in the similarly drizzly Seattle. When he is not working he is found either eating or cooking.